Healthy and Delicious Independence Day Cake!

July 4, 2014

Stay healthy this 4th of July weekend with this delicious and nutritious “Independece Day” cake.  Here is the recipe courtesy of our Vice President!  Be sure to take a photo of your finished cake and share with us on Facebook!  Facebook.com/salgifoundation 

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Angel food cake mix -1 box
Greek yogurt- 2 cups
Lite whipped cream- 1 cup
Sliced strawberries- 1 cup
Blueberries- 1 cup

Directions:

Prepare angel food cake mix per directions on box. Pour mixture in two separate greased rectangle cake pans. (Hint: Use healthy options like coconut or canola oil to grease pans.) Bake cakes based on time and temperature specified on angel food cake mix box.

While cake is baking, slice 1/2 cup of strawberries into thin, long, oblong pieces. Then set aside 1/4 cup of blueberries. Take remaining 1/2 cup strawberries and pour into mixing bowl with remaining 3/4 cup of blueberries. Mash together remaining blueberries and strawberries.

In a separate mixing bowl, whip together the Greek yogurt and whipped cream.

Once cakes are done baking, set aside to cool. Once the cakes have cooled, place one cake on large serving dish/platter and spread 1/2 of the Greek yogurt and whipped cream mixture. Then spoon the mashed strawberry and blueberry mixture on top.

Take second cake and carefully place on top. Then spread the remaining Greek yogurt and whipped cream mixture on top. Finish by decorating the top of the cake using the remaining 1/4 cup of blueberries as the stars of the American flag and by using the remaining 1/2 cup of sliced strawberries as the red stripes.

Happy 4th of July!


The Salgi Foundation receives legislative grant from the State of Rhode Island

June 30, 2014

We are excited to announce that we’ve received a legislative grant from the State of Rhode Island, which was obtained through the suggestion of Rhode Island Representative Patricia Serpa. The grant will allow the our charity to raise awareness, encourage early detection and to fund research of esophageal cancer.

The Salgi Esophageal Cancer Research Foundation was founded on November 21, 2011, in memory of our President Linda Molfesi’s father, who passed away from esophageal cancer. In less than three years, 12 medical research facilities from across the United States have sought funding for their research of esophageal cancer.

President of The Salgi Foundation, Linda Molfesi, said “esophageal cancer research is extremely underfunded and does not receive the research money it deserves from the government or other charities.”

In fact, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) decreased its investment in research of esophageal cancer by 15% in 2012; esophageal cancer receives a mere $28.0 million out of NCI’s total $5.07 billion budget; that’s approximately half of one percent.

While The American Cancer Society currently funds 1,165 cancer research projects, only 8 of those funded projects are for esophageal cancer research.

Esophageal cancer diagnosis has increased over 600% in the past decades. “We feel this can be attributed to three things: a lack of public knowledge of the risk factors associated with esophageal cancer (such as chronic heartburn), absolutely no standard or routine screenings to detect esophageal cancer in its earliest stages, when it can be treated and this major lack of research funding.”

Molfesi stated “we are very close to issuing our own grant for esophageal research” but stresses the importance of support. “As a nonprofit, we rely on the generosity of the public and our community to support this mission and, most importantly, get these research facilities the funding they deserve.”

“We are very thankful to Representative Serpa for all of her support,” Molfesi continued, “since the very beginning, she believed in this mission and in our abilities to fulfill these goals.” Representative Serpa has also worked with The Salgi Foundation to have April proclaimed Esophageal Cancer Awareness month in Rhode Island for the past three years.

For more information or to make a tax-deductible donation, please visit: salgi.org/donate 

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Rhode Island Representative Patricia Serpa, second from left, welcomes guests from The Salgi Esophageal Cancer Research Foundation to the House of Representatives on April 9, 2014 to witness the proclamation naming April ‘Esophageal Cancer Awareness Month’ in the State of Rhode Island.  Joining Rep. Serpa from left are Linda Molfesi, President; Christina Frye, Vice President; and James Frye, Secretary.

 


Imagine A World With No Tobacco

May 31, 2014

World No Tobacco Day is Saturday, May 31, 2014.  Tobacco use has been linked to a number of health related problems. The use of tobacco products has been linked to lethal diagnoses such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and emphysema. Tobacco use is also linked to non-life-threatening issues such as yellow teeth, bad breath, pre-mature aging of the skin, vision loss and not to mention a significant financial burden.

Tobacco products include but are not limited to: cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, chewing tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, and smokeless tobacco. Use of all of these aforementioned products increases the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

The American Cancer Society reports that smokers who smoke a pack a day have double the risk of developing esophageal cancer than a nonsmoker. The risk further increases when combined with other risk factors such as chronic heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), family history of cancer, obesity, Barrett’s Esophagus, poor nutrition, and excessive alcohol use.

But! There is good news. The risk of esophageal cancer has the potential of decreasing the sooner one stops using tobacco and the longer that they stay away from tobacco products. The body begins to immediately repair itself. In fact, within just 8 hours, carbon monoxide levels in the blood drops to normal and oxygen levels increase to normal.*

“In March 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched the first-ever paid national tobacco education campaign—Tips From Former Smokers (Tips). Tips encourages people to quit smoking by showing the toll that smoking-related illnesses take on smokers and their loved ones. The hard-hitting ads show people living with the real and painful consequences of smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke.”

If you or someone you know is ready to quit, visit CDC’s website and utilize their “Tips Guide” to quit now and quit for good.

Join us in spreading the word about the dangers of tobacco use by using the social media links below!


What Role Does The Esophagus Play In The Digestive System?

May 29, 2014

Today, May 29, 2014, is World Digestive Health Day!   As advocates of esophageal health and the prevention of esophageal cancer; we find it very important to increase awareness and education of the important role that the esophagus plays in the digestive system.

The esophagus is the first conduit in the digestive tube  and plays a simple yet significant part in the human digestive system. When we swallow, food or liquids are pushed from the mouth into a muscular tube, the esophagus and into the stomach.

The lower esophageal sphincter is located at the base of the esophagus and is responsible for controlling the passage of food and liquid between the esophagus and stomach.  The LES is a ring-shaped muscle which relaxes to allow food and liquid into the stomach.  Once the food and liquid pass through the relaxed sphincter, it closes back up, thus keeping the food and liquid in the stomach.

Problems arise when the LES weakens and does not close properly.  When this happens, stomach contents escape the stomach and flow back up into the esophagus.  This backflow of stomach content is called reflux.  For those who experience reflux symptoms (heartburn included) more than twice a week may have Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).

Over time, the back-flow of stomach contents and acids irritate the esophagus and can cause serious damage to the esophagus, including esophageal cancer.

Join us in raising awareness of the importance of esophageal health today and everyday!

Like and share with us on Facebook and follow and re-tweet us on Twitter!  You can find links to our other social media sites below.

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Sources:
University of Maryland Medical Center
Nat’l Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), Nat’l Institutes of Health (NIH)

Oncology Report: “GERD may increase heart attack risk.”

May 13, 2014

The United States National Library of Medicine defines GERD as “a condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach).” This occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the muscle between the esophagus and stomach, becomes damaged or weakened.

If not properly treated, long-term sufferers of GERD can develop serious medical conditions which include chronic cough or hoarseness, esophagitis, bleeding, scarring or ulcers of the esophagus and Barrett’s esophagus, an abnormal change in the lining of the esophagus that can potentially raise the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

But now, GERD  has now been found to have the ability to increase the risk of having a heart attack.

To learn more and view Oncology Report’s video, click here.

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VIDEO: GERD may increase heart attack risk
By: BRUCE JANCIN, Oncology Practice Digital Network


Let’s have April named ‘National Esophageal Cancer Awareness Month!’

April 28, 2014

We, The Salgi Esophageal Cancer Research Foundation started the petition: “President of the United States: Proclaim the Month of April to be ‘Esophageal Cancer Awareness Month’ in The United States of America” and need your help to get it off the ground.

Please take a moment to sign the petition now. Click here!

Here’s why it’s important:

Esophageal cancer has increased over 600% in the past decades, making it the fastest growing cancer in the United States.

Many do not realize that among other risk factors, obesity, chronic heartburn or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) and smoking can lead to esophageal damage and cancer.

Despite its rapid increase and poor prognosis, esophageal cancer research receives very little private or government funding.

In fact, the National Cancer Institute decreased its investment in research of esophageal cancer by 15% in 2012.

Esophageal cancer research receives a mere $28.0 million out of NCI’s total $5.07 billion budget; that’s approximately half of one percent.

However, approximately $1.3 billion dollars is spent on esophageal cancer treatment each year in the U.S.

While it is currently only the 18th most common cancer, Stage IV EAC only has a 3% survival rate.

Esophageal cancer shows low survival rates even in early stages: 21%-39%.

Esophageal cancer is a lethal diagnosis. Symptoms often arise too late, once the cancer has spread and becomes difficult if not impossible to treat.

Please, sign and share this petition! Click here!

APRIL is esophageal cancer awareness month every day is esophageal cancer awareness day periwinkle allperiwinkleverything health


Did you miss our #EsophagealCancer Twitter Chat?

April 17, 2014

On Tuesday, April 8th, The Salgi Esophageal Cancer Research Foundation teamed up with medical experts from around the web to answer your important questions regarding prevention, detection, diagnosis, and treatment of esophageal cancer.  If you missed the chat, not to worry!  We’ve put together the complete transcript from the #EsophagealCancer Twitter chat.

This was the very first chat dedicated to #EsophagealCancer and we are very excited to share the important information that was discussed that day!  We will be hosting more Twitter Chats dedicated to esophageal cancer in the future, so if there is a question that was not answered, please contact us and let us know what you want answered at the next #EsophagealCancer Twitter Chat!

Question 1:

@SalgiFoundation: Q1. Explain the differences between esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. #EsophagealCancer

Answers:

@RoswellPark: A1. Beside microscopic differences, adeno tends to be low down near the stomach while squamous arises in the upper portions #EsophagealCancer

@RoswellPark: A1. Squamous often occurs w/ irritation/ingestion of alcohol, tobacco, irritating foods & environmental factors #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A1. Adeno EsophagealCancer often occurs @ the bottom of esoph, caused by GERD. Squamous mid & top of esoph. Caused by smoking & alcohol.

@UCD_ChestHealth: A1. Squamous #EsophagealCancer can also be caused by chronic irritation problems like Achalasia and caustic injury

@UCD_ChestHealth: A1. Consumption of foods high in nitrates can also cause Squamous #EsophagealCancer

@RefluxMD: A1. Our Scientific Director, Dr. Para Chandrasoma, wrote a great article on this subject – refluxmd.com/learn/resource #EsophagealCancer

Question 2:

@SalgiFoundation: Q2. What are the risk factors associated with esophageal adenocarcinoma? #EsophagealCancer

Answers:

@RoswellPark: A2. Besides the other factors, the chronic irritation/changes of stomach juices cause adenocarcinomas over time #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A2. Acid reflux or GERD is a big risk factor for adenocarcinoma #EsophagealCancer. Causes Barrett’s which can degenerate into cancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A2. Yes, food sits in esoph, and irritates lining > RT : Achalasia is a swallowing disorder? #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A2. Obesity also is a risk factor for Adeno #EsophagealCancer, mainly because obesity can lead to acid reflux

@UCD_ChestHealth: A2. Yes Barrett’s > low grade dysplasia > high grade > adenocarcinoma MT: Barrett’s esophagus is a precancerous condition? #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A2. Yes, leads to acid reflux > injury > Barrett’s RT : So, would a hiatal (sp?) hernia be a risk factor for #EsophagealCancer?

@AmerGastroAssn: A2. Overall diet, rather than specific foods, affect risk for #EsophagealCancer. More info: ow.ly/vzruO

@DanaFarber: A2.  Obesity, Barrett’s esophagus, smoking, and being male are all risk factors for #EsophagealCancer. bit.ly/1mUwWHf

@BrendonStilesMD: A2. Adeno. Some links with reflux disease and obesity. Probably some genetic factors that need to be better explored. #EsophagealCancer

@Aiims1742: A2. Risk factors include Barrett esophagus (most important) high BMI, alcohol smoking @SalgiFoundation#EsophagealCancer

Question 3:

@SalgiFoundation: Q3. What is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) and how is it related to esophageal cancer#EsophagealCancer

Answers:

@RoswellPark: A3. GERD is symptoms (heartburn) or damage caused by stomach juice spending too much time in the esophagus. #EsophagealCancer

@RoswellPark: A3. Over time, the acid juices can burn to produce a precancerous (Barrett’s) change or simply induce cancers directly. #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A3. GERD = gastroesophageal reflux disease, or spilling of acid from stomach to esoph. This leads > Barrett’s, which can cause #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A3. If one has GERD symptoms that do no respond to PPI after 4-8 weeks, they should get screening endoscopy per ACP. #EsophagealCancer

@AmerGastroAssn: A3. GERD = heartburn occurring when acid or other stomach contents back up in the esophagus. #EsophagealCancer ow.ly/vzsdO

@DanaFarberA3. GERD is backward flow of stomach acid contents into the esophagus – another risk factor for #EsophagealCancer. bit.ly/1mUwWHf

@BrendonStilesMD: A3. Reflux leads to chronic inflammation and injury, which may initiate/promote cancer growth. #EsophagealCancer

@BrendonStilesMD: A3. Important for people with GERD to be evaluated by GI doctors & considered for endoscopy, particularly with persistent sxs #EsophagealCancer

@BrendonStilesMD: A3. Q: @LungCancerFaces:  Do meds such as PPIs really lessen risk, or just treat symptoms? #EsophagealCancer

@BrendonStilesMD: A3. @SalgiFoundation @LungCancerFaces:  #EsophagealCancer Wish we knew. Some thought PPIs may even increase risk or mask symptoms.

Question 4:

@SalgiFoundation: Q4. Define Barrett’s Esophagus and explain how it is diagnosed. #EsophagealCancer

Answers:

@RoswellPark: A4. Barretts is damaged esophagus lining that gets recovered w/ a surface similar to the stomach #EsophagealCancer

@RoswellPark: A4. Treatment options for Barretts: goo.gl/ssF1Ft   #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A4: Barrett’s columnar epithelium w/ gobletcells (?) the esoph tries to look like intestine to protect itself from acid #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A4. Risk for adeno #EsophagealCancer is increased 30-125 fold for patients with Barrett’s metaplasia

@DanaFarber: A4. Barrett’s esophagus is a pre-cancerous or, in some cases, early form of #EsophagealCancer. bit.ly/1mUwWHf

@DanaFarberA4. Barrett’s esophagus often due to chronic inflamm from acid reflux & appears as abnormal cells lining the esophagus. #EsophagealCancer

@DanaFarberA4. If diagnosed, it’s important to treat Barrett’s esophagus to prevent the development of #EsophagealCancer.

@DanaFarberA4. Depending on form Barrett’s esophagus treatment may include medication, lifestyle changes, or radiofrequency ablation #EsophagealCancer

@DanaFarberA4. Q: @LungCancerFaces: @DanaFarber What is radiofrequency ablation?

@DanaFarber: A4. @LungCancerFaces: Great question! It’s a procedure that uses radio waves to heat and destroy abnormal cells.

@RefluxMD: A4. Quick overview by Dr. Chandrasoma of Barrett’s and diagnosis: refluxmd.com/connect/physic  #EsophagealCancer

@RefluxMD: A4. FYI – “If you’ve been diagnosed with Barrett’s” refluxmd.com/learn/resource  #EsophagealCancer

@BrendonStilesMD: A4. Barretts has to be diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy. Need to r/o dysplasia and cancer. Surveillance.

@Aiims1742: A4. Barrett esophagus is columnar epithelium with goblet cells within the tubular esophagus (sorry -GI Pathologist lingo) #EsophagealCancer

@Aiims1742: A4. Barrett esophagus shares many genetic alterations with esophageal cancer for example see Streppel, Maitra papers #EsophagealCancer

@Aiims1742: A4. GI Pathologists at MDAnderson and other places are looking for DYSPLASIA in biopsies of Barrett esophagus #EsophagealCancer

@Aiims1742: A4. patients with low grade Barrett dysplasia merit follow up, high grade need very close follow up or local ablation. #EsophagealCancer

Question 5:

@SalgiFoundation: Q5. Currently there are no standard/routine screening tests for EC, what are options to detect EC in early stages? #EsophagealCancer

Answers:

@RoswellPark: A5. Best option to detect EAC while curable/superficial is to find it w/ endoscopy. More on EUS: goo.gl/U6tI18#EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A5. Everyone w/ Barrett’s should be in an endoscopic surveillance program ever 3 years

@UCD_ChestHealth: A5. Everyone with Barrett’s metaplasia should be in an endoscopic surveillance program at least every three years #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A5. Everyone should get a screening endoscopy if they have heartburn [GERD] + additional symptoms (e.g. trble swallowing) #EsophagealCancer

@UCD_ChestHealth: A5. Men over 50 with chronic GERD and additional risk factors should get screening endoscopy #EsophagealCancer

@LungCancerFaces: A5. Endoscopy is a breeze. Much easier than a colonoscopy. Don’t hesitate to do it if necessary. #EsophagealCancer

@AmerGastroAssn: A5. Researchers have developed markers to identify patients with BE at greatest risk for developing #EsophagealCancer http://agajournals.wordpress.com/2013/08/05/which-patients-with-barretts-esophagus-will-develop-esophageal-cancer/ 

@Aiims1742: A5. Most #EsophagealCancer  (adenocarcinoma) present with advanced dz while high grade Barrett or early EC do very well 

Question 6:

@SalgiFoundation: Q6. What are some warning signs associated with esophageal cancer#EsophagealCancer 

Answers:

@RoswellPark: A6. Difficulty with food because it “sticks” or causes pain during swallowing are the main symptoms of #EsophagealCancer 

@RoswellPark: A6. Unfortunately any symptom or sign means that the tumor has gotten quite large and is harder to treat. #EsophagealCancer 

@UCD_ChestHealth: A6. Difficulty swallowing. If your heart burn goes away for no reason, it may be a sign that Barrett’s has developed. #EsophagealCancer 

@UCD_ChestHealth: A6. Also black tarry stools, vomiting blood. Chronic anemia #EsophagealCancer 

@DanaFarberA6. The early stages of #EsophagealCancer  typically have no symptoms. As the disease advances, symptoms start to become more noticeable.

@DanaFarber: A6. Advanced #EsophagealCancer  symptoms include painful/difficult swallowing, weight loss, & regurgitation of food. bit.ly/1mUwWHf

@RefluxMD: A6. We recently spoke with a stage 4 cancer patient that only had uncontrolled burping after meals as a symptom. #EsophagealCancer 

@BrendonStilesMD: A6. Patients and physicians can’t ignore heartburn or difficulty swallowing. Low threshold for endoscopy.

Question 7:

@SalgiFoundation: Q7. What are methods of detection and diagnosis for esophageal cancer? #EsophagealCancer 

Answers:

@RoswellPark: A7. Tests like CT/PET Scans, ultrasound (on the endoscope), help to characterize the tumor & measure its spread #EsophagealCancer 

@UCD_ChestHealth: A7. Endoscopic screening and early detection can save lives bit.ly/YRUIDM#EsophagealCancer 

@UCD_ChestHealth: A7. Endoscopy goal standard for evaluation of potential #EsophagealCancer 

@AmerGastroAssn: A7. Patient brochure offers tips for preparing for an upper GI endoscopy: ow.ly/vzx6U#EsophagealCancer 

@DanaFarber: A7. Tests typically include chest X-rays, barium swallow, esophagoscopy, endoscopy, blood chemistry studies, CBC, or EUS. #EsophagealCancer 

@BrendonStilesMD: A7. EGD is a lot easier than colonoscopy. (And less messy and far to go!). More of an effort to find early.

@BrendonStilesMD: A7. Endoscopic biopsy. If cancer need endoscopic ultrasound to determine depth and bx nodes, CT, and PET.

Question 8:

@SalgiFoundation: Q8. When diagnosed with esophageal cancer what are available treatment options? #EsophagealCancer 

@SalgiFoundation: Q10. Stage IV survival rate is only 3%. What can be done to increase chances of survival? #EsophagealCancer 


Obesity rate in children drops almost in half, report shows.

March 7, 2014

The Journal of American Medical Association recently reported that there has been a substantial decline in the obesity rate among children in the United States.  Obesity in children ages 2-5 dropped almost in half, 43% to be exact, in the past decade.

While there are no direct causes, researchers believe that the major decrease can be attributed to a number of different reasons.  From better choices at fast food restaurants to parents taking a more active role in what their children are consuming, the obesity rate in this group of children from 2-5 is at 8.4%.  That is quite a difference from the previous obesity rate of 13.9% in 2003-2004.

obese,children,obesity,overweight,health,healthy,weightloss,babies,kids,obese

Photo via sxc.hu

This is especially beneficial in regards to a lowered risk of esophageal cancer.  A study conducted in 2013 linked overweight and obese adolescents to “a more than two-fold increased risk of developing esophageal cancer later in life,”  Study author Dr. Zohar Levi of the Rabin Medical Center in Israel suggested that this risk could possibly be attributed to reoccurring “reflux that they have throughout their life.”

The New York Times reported the following:

“This is the first time we’ve seen any indication of any significant decrease in any group,” said Cynthia L. Ogden, a researcher for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the lead author of the report, which will be published in JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association, on Wednesday. “It was exciting.”

However, a third of US children and teens are still considered obese or overweight.  Odgen told the New York Times “Still, the lower obesity rates in the very young bode well for the future.”

For more information, please visit the following sources:

CNN.com 
BBC.com 
NYTimes.com 
AP.org
Health.com

Eat your vegetables! Diet high in animal-based proteins linked to cancer, study shows.

March 5, 2014

Do you remember growing up and being told to “eat your vegetables”?  Well, new research suggests that those “veggie pushers” were onto something.  The Washington Post reports that researchers from the United States and Italy found that those whose diet was high in animal protein were four times more likely to die of cancer.  The same does not seem to show for plant-based protein sources.

Valter Longo, a University of Southern California gerontology professor and director of the school’s Longevity Institute believes that the majority of Americans are eating too much protein and are not choosing the right kind of protein.  This doesn’t come as a surprise since diets such as Atkins or Palseo, which encourage a protein rich diet have become very popular.  On the other hand, many plant-based protein sources contain some, but not all, essential amino acids.  Longo suggests maintaining a diet which consists of more plant-based proteins and to lower the daily intake of “animal-derived proteins.”

The growth hormone IGF-I has been shown to encourage the growth of both healthy and cancer cells.  This hormone is increased through the intake of protein.  Unfortunately, IGF-I levels typically decline after the age of 65 and attributes to the loss of muscle tone.  Since IGF-I is also responsible for the growth of healthy cells, a decrease in protein can be dangerous for those over 65.

Here are a list of plant-based foods that are high in protein:

Legumes (Soybeans, lentils, lupins, white beans, split peas, pintos, kidneys, black beans, navy beans and chickpeas.)

Leafy green vegetables (Bok choy, Romaine lettuce, escarole, kale and spinach.)

Root vegetables (Potato, sweet potato, parsnips, carrots and beets.)

Other vegetables (Peas, broccoli, asparagus, butternut squash, cauliflower.)

Since this post is intended for informational purposes only, the best way to maintain a well-balanced diet is to speak to a physician or a nutritionist.

 

For more information, please visit our sources: 

Washington Post
Forbes
Ehow.com
Foodmatters.tv 

Study links abdominal fat (visceral) to increased risk of Barrett’s esophagus

February 14, 2014

A recent study shows that carrying more weight in the midsection may increase one’s risk of developing Barrett’s esophagus, a precursor to esophageal cancer.

Health.Harvard.edu

Barrett’s esophagus is “a disorder in which the lining of the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach) is damaged by stomach acid and changed to a lining similar to that of the stomach.”*  Barrett’s esophagus has been shown to be a precursor to esophageal cancer.  

This study linked a higher amount of visceral fat to a greater risk of Barrett’s esophagus.

The fat located in the abdominal region is either defined as visceral or subcutaneous. Visceral fat surrounds the organs in the abdominal region, while subcutaneous fat is located between the skin and the abdominal wall. 

Researchers reported that the elevated risk of Barrett’s esophagus related to the increase of visceral abdominal fat was found in both those who have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms and also those who do not experience GERD symptoms.

For a more information on the study, please refer to the following two articles:

“Visceral abdominal obesity measured by CT scan is associated with an increased risk of Barrett’s oesophagus: a case-control study.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine

“Visceral adipose tissue increased risk for Barrett’s esophagus.” Healio Gastroenterology

*“Barrett’s esophagus.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine