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Statistics

If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with esophageal cancer, please do not let these statistics discourage you. While the diagnosis may be the same, each person has their own individual journey. Positivity and hope play a large role in treatment. As one of our wonderful supporters once said, “there has to be someone to make up the survivor numbers in these statistics and I want my spouse to be one of them!”

While we have an obligation to post the information on this page so that we can acquire the resources to change these statistics, we want to encourage those who are affected not to focus on the figures and rates and instead focus on treatment, receiving support from family and friends and taking each moment as it comes. Have faith and be strong!

 

Facts & Figures

Esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma) has increased 733% between 1973 and 2014, according to government data, climbing an average of 5.4% per year during the 41-year period in the past decades*; making it the fastest growing cancer in the United States, according to the National Cancer Institute.*

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Latest Incidence and Mortality of Esophageal Cancer in the United States:

In 2018, an estimated 17,290 will be diagnosed with esophageal cancer and there will be an estimated 15,850 deaths from esophageal cancer.¹

Only 19.2% of patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer will survive 5(+) years.

 

Esophageal Cancer Incidence and Mortality

How Many People Survive 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Esophageal Cancer? Based on data from SEER 18 2008-2014.

Based on data from SEER 18 2008-2014.
Gray figures represent those who have died from esophageal cancer.
Periwinkle figures represent those who have survived 5 years or more.

 

Incidence and Mortality of Esophageal Cancer in the United States (1999-2016):

Year     Incidence (Diagnosis)       Mortality (Deaths)
2017 16,940 15,690
2016 16,910 15,690
2015 16,980 15,590
2014 18,170 15,450
2013 17,990 15,210
2012 17,460 15,070
2011 15,914 14,446
2010 15,813 14,490
2009 16,487 13,908
2008 16,299 13,714
2007 15,706 13,592
2006 15,664 13,685
2005 15,228 13,499
2004 15,299 13,023
2003 14,419 12,860
2002 13,260 12,700
2001 13,031 12,529
2000 13,051 12,232
1999 12,532 11,917

Notes: Incidence counts cover approximately between 91%-99% of the U.S. population; death counts cover 100% of the U.S. population. Use caution when comparing incidence and death counts.

 

Percent of Esophageal Cancer Cases By Stage:

Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Esophageal Cancer

  • Localized (19%)
    Confined to Primary Site
  • Regional (32%)
    Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes
  • Distant (39%)
    Cancer Has Metastasized
  • Unknown (10%)
    Unstaged

Esophageal Cancer 5-Year Survival Rates By Stage:

 

5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis. SEER 18 2008-2014, All Races, Both Sexes by SEER Summary Stage 2000

  • Localized (45.2%)
    Confined to Primary Site
  • Regional (23.6%)
    Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes
  • Distant (4.8%)
    Cancer Has Metastasized
  • Unknown (12%)
    Unstaged
  • Percent of Esophageal Cancer Patients Surviving Five Years: (19.2%)

 

 

 

Esophageal Cancer Research Funding:

 

Source: NCI Office of Budget and Finance.

Source: NCI Office of Budget and Finance.

 
Despite its rapid increase and poor prognosis, esophageal cancer research receives little private and/or government funding.
 
The National Cancer Institute decreased its investment in research of esophageal cancer by 15% in 2012. In 2013, esophageal cancer research funding was again decreased.  In 2013, the National Cancer Institute invested only $26.5 million for esophageal cancer research out of their total $4.79 billion budget, in 2013.   Then, in 2014, The National Cancer Institute increased their funding.  The NCI spent $28.4 million for esophageal cancer research out of their total budget.  In 2015, the NCI increased their funding for esophageal cancer to $31,928,196 only to again decrease esophageal cancer funding in 2016 to $26,226,485.
 
 
Latest NCI Figures:
FY 2016 funds available to the National Cancer Institute: $4.952.6 billionFY2016 NCI Funding for Esophageal Cancer: $26,226,485

In 2016, the National Cancer Institute spent approximately half of one percent on esophageal cancer research funding.

 

 
 
The American Cancer Society reports that they fund a total of 782 cancer research grants.  Unfortunately, only 8 of these are for esophageal cancer research. (As of August 1, 2016)
 
 
Cost of Esophageal Cancer Care
 
$1.6 billion dollars was estimated to be spent on esophageal cancer treatment alone during 2016 in the U.S. (Source: Cancer.gov)
 
 

Age-Adjusted Death and Incidence Rates by State:

Age-adjusted incidence rates by State, All Races, Both Sexes for Esophageal Cancer.

Age-adjusted incidence rates by State, All Races, Both Sexes for Esophageal Cancer.

 
 
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Age-adjusted death rates by State, All Races, Both Sexes for Esophageal Cancer.

 
 

 
 
Sources:
Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,cdc.gov 
National Cancer Institute, Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program, seer.cancer.gov 
American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts & Figures, 2012-2015, cancer.org
Management of Barrett’s oesophagus and intramucosal oesophageal cancer: a review of recent development, nlm.nih.gov 
Esophageal Cancer On The Rise, webmd.com
National Cancer Institute: PDQ® Esophageal Cancer Treatment. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. cancer.gov
National Cancer Institute: A Snapshot of Esophageal Cancer. cancer.gov
American Cancer Society, Explore Research, cancer.org
Gastroenterology & Endoscopy News, GastroEndoNews.com
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Salgi Esophageal Cancer Research Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit.  To donate, please click here.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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